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The Iron Dome: How Israel Was Able to Thwart 99% of Iran's Missile Attacks Thus Far

The Iron Dome: How Israel Was Able to Thwart 99% of Iran's Missile Attacks Thus Far

BY DANIEL REN Published on April 20, 2024 2 COMMENTS

Recently, Iran unleashed missile and drone attacks on Israel in revenge for Israel's suspected attack on its Damascus consulate. The attack began on April 14 at 20:00 and lasted until about 01:00 on April 15.


Since 2011, Israel's Iron Dome defense system has intercepted thousands of rockets and protected the country during times of conflict. It consists mainly of a three-part system that intercepts short-range rockets.


Arrow System




The arrow system, consisting of arrow two and arrow three, was designed to intercept ballistic missiles outside the Earth's atmosphere with a detachable warhead colliding with the target. It is Israel's most sophisticated anti-ballistic missile system in the world and has the longest range. Arrow three intercepts ballistic missiles and destroys them without using explosives while arrow two targets missiles in the upper atmosphere using explosives. 


Israel Arrow 3 System
Israel's Arrow-3 System. Photo: Arms Control


This system was developed by both Israel and the United States. Israel Aerospace Industries is the system's main contractor while Boeing produces the interceptors. The system works effectively since it operates at a high enough altitude to safely disperse non-conventional warheads.


David's Sling




David's sling is the middle layer of the Iron Dome's network. Like the arrow system, it was also co-produced with the United States. While it is similar to arrow two in that it does not use explosives, it only targets short to medium-range missiles, drones, rockets, and other threats. It has been operational since April 2017, bolstering Israel's second tier of its defense system. 


Iron Dome


The Iron Dome heavily targets short-range projectiles such as missiles, drones, and artillery and serves as the system's bottom layer of Israel's air defense network. It uses radar to detect incoming threats and subsequently launch interceptor missiles carrying proximity warheads to protect the country. Additionally, it has a sophisticated communication system to relay guidance data. 


The arrow three interceptor system
The Arrow three interceptor system. Photo:



It was developed by Israel's Rafael Advanced Defense Systems with the United State's partial funding and collaboration and became operational in 2011. The system is so effective that Ukraine has expressed interest in implementing a similar system as it continues its war with Russia. However, Israel has only provided civil defenses and humanitarian support so far. 


Overall, Israel's Iron Dome system was effective in defending the country from Iran's unprecedented attack this past weekend. Thanks to billions of dollars of funding from Israel and its allies, the system features a complex array of technology. 

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Comments (2)

Anton You forgot to mention that the USAF knocked out most Iranian missiles and drones as well in a more limited way by planes from RAF, RJAF, UAEAF and even RSAF aircraft
31d ago • Reply
28d ago • Reply

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